Cuba: The Pearl of the Antilles

Cuba At A Glance

Official Name:   Republic of CubaMP900362653 (1)

Capital:    Havana

Population:    11,253,665

Currency:      Cuban Peso, Cuban Convertible Peso

Language:    Spanish

Size:    42,000 square miles (a bit smaller than Wisconsin!)

National Tree:  Royal Palm20817_33

National Bird:  Cuban Trogan

National Flower:  White Mariposa


Cuba, the first partner country of the Children Are The Hope project, is unique in its
ecological biodiversity. The largest island in the Caribbean, it hosts one of the most
significant biodiversity banks, particularly avian, in the world. Approximately 354 known
bird species make use of the island, with twenty-one endemic species found only within
its primary borders and the neighboring municipality, the Isle of Youth. Thirty species
are recognized internationally as vulnerable to or threatened with extinction or
endangered according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and
the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora,
also known as CITES.